Chief Investigator Professor Melissa Crouch
Australian Research Council Discovery Project DP180100772 (2018-2021)
This project aims to understand how and why constitutions change in authoritarian regimes. After decades of authoritarian rule in Myanmar, since 2011 there is public debate about formal amendment of the Constitution. Based on rigorous qualitative methods including archival research and in-depth interviews, this project expects to investigate why Myanmar’s Constitution is both a constraint and an enabler of democratic reform. This timely socio-legal project seeks to inform Australia’s political, economic and cultural engagement with Myanmar as a strategic neighbour in south-east Asia.
In 2021, due to the delays and impact of covid-19 and the military coup in Myanmar, the project was adjusted to include a Research Associate. Salai Samuel Hmung commenced part-time on the project in June 2021, while Dr Christoph Sperfeldt will commence part-time in July.
Publications from this project include:
Books and Edited Books
Melissa Crouch (2019) The Constitution of Myanmar: A Contextual Analysis. Oxford, UK: Hart Publishing.
Melissa Crouch (2019) The Politics of Court Reform: Judicial Change and Legal Culture in Indonesia. Cambridge University Press.
Melissa Crouch (2021) Women and the Judiciary in the Asia-Pacific. Cambridge University Press.
Melissa Crouch (2021) ‘The Challenges for Court Reform After Authoritarian Rule: The Role of Specialised Courts in Indonesia’ 7(1) Constitutional Review 1-25
Melissa Crouch (2020) ‘Peace Processes and Constitution-making: An Introduction’ 18(4) Special Journal Issue, International Journal of Constitutional Law 1283-89
Melissa Crouch (2020) ‘Constitutional Touchstones: Peace Processes, Federalism and Constitution-making in Myanmar’ 18(4) International Journal of Constitutional Law 1350-1372
Melissa Crouch (2020) ‘Pre-emptive Constitution-making: Authoritarian Constitutionalism and the Military in Myanmar’, 54(2) Law & Society Review 487-515
Melissa Crouch (2019) ‘States of Legal Denial: How the State in Myanmar uses Law to Exclude the Rohingya’ 50(3) Journal of Contemporary Asia 1-24.
Melissa Crouch (2018) ‘The Prerogative Writs as Constitutional Transfer’ 38(4) Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 653-675.
Melissa Crouch (2018) ‘Democrats, Dictators and Constitutional Dialogue: Myanmar’s Constitutional Tribunal’, 16(2) International Journal of Constitutional Law 421-446.
Melissa Crouch (2018) ‘Constitutionalism, Religion and Inequality: Perspectives from Asia’ 13(2) Asian Journal of Comparative Law 1-11.
Melissa Crouch and Natasha Naidu (2021) ‘The Feminisation of the Judiciary in the Global South’ in Women and the Judiciary in the Asia-Pacific. Cambridge University Press.
Melissa Crouch (2021) ‘The Promise and Paradox of Women in the Judiciary in Indonesia’ in Women in the Judiciary in the Asia-Pacific. Cambridge University Press.
Melissa Crouch (2020) ‘Authoritarian Straightjacket or Vehicle for Democratic Transition? The Risky Struggle to Change Myanmar’s Constitution’ in Tom Ginsburg and Aziz Huq (ed) From Parchment to Practise: Implementing New Constitutions. Cambridge University Press. pp 263-280.
Melissa Crouch (2021) ‘The Constitution of Myanmar’, in David Law, Holning Lau and Alex Schwartz (ed) The Oxford Handbook of Constitutional Law in Asia. Oxford University Press.
Melissa Crouch (2020) ‘Myanmar: Law as a Desirable and Dangerous Profession’, in Richard L. Abel, O Hammerslev, U Schultz and H Sommerlad (ed) Lawyers in 21st Century Society. 2nd ed (two vol). UK: Hart Publishing. Pp 775-788.
Melissa Crouch (2019) ‘Constitution-making and Public Participation in Southeast Asia’, in David Landau and Hannah Lerner (eds) Comparative Constitution-making. Edward Elgar. Pp 488-509.
Melissa Crouch (2019) ‘The Judicial Reform Landscape in Indonesia: Innovation, Specialisation and the Legacy of Dan S Lev’ in M Crouch (ed) The Politics of Court Reform: Judicial Change and Legal Culture in Indonesia. Cambridge University Press. pp 1-32.